They were not perfectionists. They were committed to excellence-extremely ambitious,
他们都不是完美主义者 他们都追求卓越 非常有雄心
understanding that there's no other way to succeed.
John Updike, highly creative author, says "perfectionism is the enemy of creativity."
约翰·厄普代克 一位非常有创造力的作家说过 “完美主义是创造力的敌人”
And we'll talk about another author who has very good advice for us
of how to overcome this perfectionism, Samuel Coleridge. The 80/20 rule.
有非常好的建议 他叫塞缪尔·柯勒律治 80/20规则
This rule-understanding this rule as it applies to time management changed my Harvard experience.
So what is the Pareto principle? Pareto was an Italian economist about 100 years ago.
And he came up with this principle which he named the Pareto principle.
And the principle says that in most societies, 20 percent of the people own about 80 percent of the wealth.
这法则表示 在大多数社会中 百分之二十的人拥有百分之八十的财富
They applied this principle to organizations as well, where
20 percent of your clients generate 80 percent of your income.
And this has been applied to many areas in economics. And more recently, to time management.
这也被用于经济学的许多领域 而到最近 被用于时间管理方面
For example, in 20 percent of our time, we can get 80 percent of our work done.
比如说 在我们百分之二十的时间里 我们可以完成百分之八十的工作
And when I understood this, it changed my approach toward my academics.
Why? Because I realized that well I didn't need to read 100 percent of the material.
Again, don't quote me on this.
I didn't need to make sure that every t's crossed and every i's dotted when I handed in the paper.